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Physical Therapy Job Description: What You’ll Do

Here’s what’s involved in a physical therapist’s career.

man helping woman in exercise
patient receiving physical therapy

As a physical therapist, your role will typically fall somewhere in between doctor and personal trainer—you’ll assess each patient’s condition, needs, and possible treatment outcomes, and then develop a multi-step plan to help restore them to full health.

Physical therapy patients can be any age and athletic ability, and you’ll treat a large variety of injuries and conditions.

What does a physical therapist do?

Throughout your career as a physical therapist, you might work in a physicians’ office, hospital, home health care service, or residential care facility. Your goal will be to develop treatment plans for clients who have lost mobility or strength in a particular area of their body.

You’ll instruct clients in exercises and repetitive movements that they can use in physical therapy sessions and on their own time to help regain full physical capabilities. An example of daily tasks includes:

  • Assessing patients’ physical states and needs
  • Determining reasonable goals for clients
  • Demonstrating exercises properly for patients
  • Assisting clients in exercises to minimize injury and promote fitness
  • Monitoring patient progress
  • Modifying exercises as needed for patients

One responsibility that can be easy to overlook is fostering positivity for patients. Oftentimes, recovering from an injury or surgery can be frustrating and even scary for patients. Part of your job as a physical therapist will be to encourage and motivate your patients to do their best while undergoing physical therapy.

Take a look at median salaries for physical therapist at the national level, or choose your state.

Physical Therapists

National data

Median Salary: $95,620

Projected job growth: 20.5%

10th Percentile: $61,930

25th Percentile: $77,750

75th Percentile: $101,920

90th Percentile: $127,110

Projected job growth: 20.5%

State data

State Median Salary Bottom 10% Top 10%
Alaska $99,810 $38,960 $128,450
Alabama $95,450 $59,810 $130,000
Arkansas $93,560 $59,640 $126,600
Arizona $95,590 $72,500 $127,740
California $101,180 $50,230 $135,570
Colorado $93,100 $60,960 $125,670
Connecticut $100,070 $76,660 $129,210
District of Columbia $95,870 $75,710 $127,370
Delaware $97,630 $75,710 $129,450
Florida $95,450 $61,750 $120,750
Georgia $95,590 $71,410 $124,450
Hawaii $95,110 $37,190 $127,160
Iowa $78,930 $60,750 $103,170
Idaho $80,340 $61,990 $102,060
Illinois $97,690 $65,380 $122,370
Indiana $95,390 $62,830 $120,500
Kansas $88,570 $61,080 $120,650
Kentucky $81,850 $59,840 $116,790
Louisiana $95,590 $63,630 $129,270
Massachusetts $96,410 $61,200 $123,620
Maryland $94,960 $62,760 $120,260
Maine $79,170 $61,990 $102,060
Michigan $79,870 $56,680 $102,060
Minnesota $80,130 $72,880 $101,510
Missouri $79,050 $59,830 $108,340
Mississippi $95,770 $73,870 $129,270
Montana $78,950 $61,210 $102,060
North Carolina $79,240 $60,900 $106,980
North Dakota $78,270 $61,350 $100,620
Nebraska $80,990 $61,740 $120,500
New Hampshire $83,700 $61,740 $102,370
New Jersey $99,730 $76,980 $128,330
New Mexico $95,590 $75,220 $130,430
Nevada $99,360 $60,800 $152,420
New York $95,620 $62,270 $121,140
Ohio $95,620 $66,460 $124,380
Oklahoma $79,220 $60,720 $126,210
Oregon $95,040 $73,600 $120,750
Pennsylvania $95,890 $68,430 $121,230
Rhode Island $95,930 $61,990 $121,140
South Carolina $79,830 $49,870 $104,390
South Dakota $78,040 $61,570 $100,920
Tennessee $95,370 $61,990 $106,040
Texas $99,040 $62,240 $136,870
Utah $81,190 $55,660 $127,740
Virginia $94,260 $62,000 $121,780
Vermont $78,320 $61,250 $102,060
Washington $99,330 $76,090 $126,940
Wisconsin $95,480 $61,790 $120,260
West Virginia $96,970 $68,930 $121,200
Wyoming $79,630 $75,320 $126,780

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) 2021 median salary; projected job growth through 2030. Actual salaries vary depending on location, level of education, years of experience, work environment, and other factors. Salaries may differ even more for those who are self-employed or work part time.

What degree or certification will I need to become a physical therapist?

Becoming a physical therapist will require you to earn your doctorate from an accredited physical therapy program. In addition to earning your degree, you’ll also need to pass national and state licensing exams.

Depending on where you live, the licensing requirements will vary. However, if you work hard in your degree program, you should be well prepared to take and pass your state’s licensure exam.

Once you’ve earned your license, you’re eligible to begin working as a physical therapist. Bear in mind that you will be expected to regularly complete training and education that will keep you up-to-date on shifting health and safety regulations within your field.

What career paths can I take as a physical therapist?

As a physical therapist, your main task will be to help patients regain or maintain the best body function possible. This task could involve a specific type of patient, or a wide range.

Physical therapists can work with patients who are recovering from injury or surgery, elderly patients, or special needs patients. Possible places of work for physical therapists include:

  • Health practitioners’ offices: In a health practitioner’s office, you will work in tandem with other health care professionals to provide patients with holistic treatment. Depending on the patient, your duties in a health practitioner’s office will vary. Usually, you will work with the same patients regularly for a certain period of time, until their conditions improve.
  • Hospitals: Many physical therapists who work in hospitals will interact primarily with patients who need an extended stay or who are recovering from surgery or serious injury. You will help patients either regain body function, or adjust to having a life-changing injury.
  • Home health care services: Being a physical therapist for a home health care service means you will visit patients in their own homes to work with them there. This can involve massage, exercise, or even helping to come up with solutions for in-home mobility issues patients might have in day-to-day tasks.
  • Nursing care facilities: This will often (though not necessarily always) involve working with elderly patients. In a nursing home setting, you will be responsible for working with patients to improve overall function and promote best possible mobility for each patient’s individual condition.
  • Self-employment: Owning or co-owning a physical therapy practice is no easy task, but it does have benefits; you can choose your own hours, practices, and even decide to focus on a specific type of patient.

Learn about pay and salary projections for physical therapists.